Mac Pro 3.1的更新

Apple Mac Pro 3.1 (2008)

古董级的老Mac的更新 经济型实用机器  当年天价的机器现在是白菜价了 不过更新后玩个PS绰绰有余

edf

1.CPU 我的机器是两个cpu Q. Core Xeon 2.8 GHz*8 可以更新为3.0 GHz或3.2 GHz 预算50欧元左右   非必需

2.内存 原装是 800 MHz DDR2 EEC的 只有2G  这里建议直接把插槽插满  因为这种服务器内存非常便宜  如果800 MHz的稍贵  可以换成667MHz的 可以通用  性能估计低10% 不过白菜价  我这里插入了8条4G的 共32G   预算30欧左右

3.硬盘 直接换成SSD就好了  选个小点的 关键保证速度 装系统就好了 看具体情况 预算100欧左右

4.显卡 有点麻烦 原装的Radeon HD 2600 XT除了稳定 没有任何优势了  苹果系统不兼容通用显卡  如果换原装苹果的显卡  成本是普通的两倍 这里变诞生了显卡的刷机 Radeon HD 5770/5870/6870/6850这些型号 基本都可以刷成苹果的版本  这些通用显卡在windows下是自动安装驱动自动被接受的  但是在苹果下基本都无显示  所谓刷机 就是在给显卡写入EFI 部分 让其支持苹果系统

这里我用Radeon HD 5770刷机了预算50欧左右  如果买现成刷好的预计100欧左右

刷机教程我附在后面 英文版本  不是很复杂  这里我只是列举几个注意点:*DOS下刷更快更方便*尽量用显卡原装的rom先备份再修改 不要去下载现成的rom 除非保证型号完全一致*开机测试如果卡白苹果可以尝试重装电脑系统

5.系统升级 请使用macOS High Sierra Patcher Tool这个工具 可以升级到最新10.13.2系统 教程附后

显卡刷机教程:

EDIT: updated 5770 EFI – should work now.
EDIT2: updated for the 6870/6850

Preamble: this is for Mac Pros only. There’s not point to flash a card on a hack.
Too many people here flash their PC cards with BIOS that were originally designed for other models. This can cause wonky fan behavior or worse.
It’s better to make your own ROM, that is, your card’s original BIOS + Apple’s EFI (ideally, EBC for compatibility with old Mac Pros).
This post shows how to do it.

Notice: the 6870/6850 ROMs are designed for 64-bit EFI Mac Pros (e.g. 2008+). Work in progress (by Netkas), so be warned.

Before you start, It’s always safer to enable file and screen sharing on you Mac Pro (system prefs/sharing). Make sure OS X is up to date.

1. Back up the card’s BIOS:
1a. Create a DOS volume with disk utility (it can be added to an existing partition), put the latest version of ATIflash (techpowerup.com) in the volume.
1b. Burn a FreeDOS boot CD. Download the iso (fdbasecd.iso) and burn the image with disk utility.
1c.  Save the BIOS. Shut down and insert your PC card, remove all other radeon cards (for safety). Boot the Mac on the CD (hold C key).
No need to install DOS (enter 1 at the first prompt, then 2 at the 2nd prompt). Just navigate to your ATIFlash folder (no time to explain DOS commands here).
To save your BIOS on the DOS volume, type

Code:
atiflash -s 0 myrom.rom 20000

The dir command should indicate that this rom is 128KB (131 072 B).

2. Boot on OS X (need a working card or another Mac). Place a copy of your saved rom and the files attached in this post at the root of your home directory. Keep the original myrom saved somewhere.
2a. First stage is to add the EFI section to the BIOS.
Open the terminal (utilities).
If you want to flash a 5870, paste the following

Code:
blocknum=`printf %d “‘\`dd if=myrom.rom bs=1 skip=2 count=1 2>/dev/null\`”`
size=$(($blocknum * 512))
dd if=5870_uakari_netkas.efi of=myrom.rom bs=$size seek=1 conv=notrunc

If you want to flash a 5770, paste this

Code:
blocknum=`printf %d “‘\`dd if=myrom.rom bs=1 skip=2 count=1 2>/dev/null\`”`
size=$(($blocknum * 512))
dd if=5770_vervet_netkas.efi of=myrom.rom bs=$size seek=1 conv=notrunc

If you want to flash a 6870, paste this

Code:
blocknum=`printf %d “‘\`dd if=myrom.rom bs=1 skip=2 count=1 2>/dev/null\`”`
size=$(($blocknum * 512))
dd if=6870.efi.rom of=myrom.rom bs=$size seek=1 conv=notrunc

For a 6850, paste this

Code:
blocknum=`printf %d “‘\`dd if=myrom.rom bs=1 skip=2 count=1 2>/dev/null\`”`
size=$(($blocknum * 512))
dd if=6850.efi.rom of=myrom.rom bs=$size seek=1 conv=notrunc

Then hit return.

If you have a 6870/6850, jump to step 4.

2b. Then check if the ROM could hold the EFI. Open myrom it in text edit and search “mcuc”. If 2 instances are found, go to step 4.

If only one is found, you need to…
3a. Move the mcuc section (last part of the BIOS) to make room for the EFI.
At this stage you can trash the modified myrom.rom that only has one “MCuC”. Open the original myrom in 0xed. Scroll down to the end, it should show a long string of “F”. Select a large part of it. Cut.
Look for “mcuc” (text search field) and locate the 2nd instance, near the end of ROM. Note its offset, as indicated at the bottom of the window. It should be 1A000 (hex). You can switch between decimal and hexadecimal by double clicking on the “dec” or “hex” text on the bottom left.
Upward “mcuc” is a long string of “F” where the EFI should be inserted. Put the cursor anywhere in that string. Switch to insert mode (“edit” menu) and paste. Note the new offset of “mcuc”. If the offset hasn’t changed, or if you have lost the 2nd instance of mcuc, close the ROM without saving and do these steps again.
Save a copy of myrom.rom (with this name) in your home directory.

Then redo steps 2a and 2b. If only one instance of mcuc found, you’re screwed. You cannot make a custom ROM with your original BIOS.
If 2 instances are found…
3b. Correct the new offset of mcuc in myrom. Say it has changed from 1A000 to 1A200 (if you have pasted a 512-Byte string of Fs). In 3 Bytes, this new offset is written 01 A2 00. In BIOS code, bytes are written backwards: 00 A2 01. To find where to indicate this offset, locate the first instance of mcuc. 8 Bytes upward (16 chars) you should see the original offset 00 A0 01. Go to overwrite mode and replace this with the new offset. Save myrom.rom in your home directory.

4. Fix last oprom indicator (specifies that the BIOS is no longer the only element in the ROM) and checksum. To do it, paste the following in the terminal and hit return

Code:
python fixrom.py myrom.rom myrom.rom

5. Flash your card with the new myrom.rom


* flash.zip (172.39 KB – downloaded 6294 times.)

系统升级教程:

macOS High Sierra Patcher Tool for Unsupported Macs

*This utility is provided to anyone free of charge, however if you’d like to donate, you can do so here:

 
Questions or comments? Feel free to contact me at collinmistr@gmail.com. Please take a look at the FAQ located at the bottom of this page as well.

I also have a YouTube video going over the whole process.

Requirements:

– Early-2008 or newer Mac Pro, iMac, or MacBook Pro (MacPro 3,1 and 4,1, iMac 8,1 and 9,1, MacBook Pro 4,1, 5,1 5,2, 5,3, 5,4, and 5,5)

– Late-2008 or newer MacBook Air or Aluminum Unibody MacBook (MacBookAir 2,1, MacBook 5,1)

– Early-2009 or newer Mac Mini or white MacBook (Macmini 3,1, MacBook 5,2)

– Early-2008 or newer Xserve (Xserve 2,1, Xserve 3,1)


Machines that ARE NOT supported:

– 2006-2007 Mac Pros, iMacs, MacBook Pros, and Mac Minis (MacPro 1,1 and 2,1, iMac 4,1, 5,1, 5,2, 6,1 and 7,1, MacBook Pro 1,1, 2,1, and 3,1, Macmini 1,1 and 2,1)

— The 2007 iMac 7,1 is compatible if the CPU is upgraded to a Penryn-based Core 2 Duo, such as a T9300.

– 2006-2008 MacBooks (MacBook 1,1, 2,1 3,1 and 4,1)

– 2008 MacBook Air (MacBookAir 1,1)

— Note: Make sure SIP is disabled on the system you intend to install High Sierra on. If it’s not or you’re unsure, just boot into your Recovery partition of your currently installed copy of OS X, open Terminal, and run “csrutil disable”. Please also note that SIP MUST remain disabled for as long as you run High Sierra. You will be warned and prompted to re-disable it if it does somehow become enabled.
–> It is important that you refrain from resetting the system’s PRAM for any reason, as that will re-enable SIP.

Things you’ll need:

– A copy of the macOS High Sierra Installer App. This can be obtained from the Mac App Store using a machine that supports High Sierra, or by using the built-in downloading feature of the tool. In the Menu Bar, simply select “Tools > Download macOS High Sierra…”

Download macOS

– A USB drive that’s at least 8 GB in size

– A copy of the tool – Download here (Current version: 2.5.1, SHA1: 7c91831408a0418ce14482be06af344789d17afd)

— View changelog and download older versions here

Known issues:

– Unsupported WiFi modules in some systems. Macs that use the Broadcom BCM4321 WiFi module will not have functional WiFi when running High Sierra. A fix for this is to open up your machine and install a compatible WiFi card. Machines affected include some MacPro3,1, MacBook5,2, MacBookPro4,1, iMac8,1, Macmini3,1, and MacBookAir2,1 systems. Please note that not all these machines will have an unsupported card, this is just a list of machines known to have shipped with that card in some configurations.

— You can find out whether or not you have an unsupported card by opening System Profiler (About this Mac>System Report…), and clicking on WiFi under the Network section. Take note of the value listed for “Card Type”.

IDs that DO NOT work under High Sierra:

– (0x14E4, 0x8C)
– (0x14E4, 0x9D)
– (0x14E4, 0x87)
– (0x14E4, 0x88)
– (0x14E4, 0x8B)
– (0x14E4, 0x89)
– (0x14E4, 0x90)

Any ID not listed, such as (0x14E4, 0x8D), is a supported card, and will work perfectly fine under High Sierra.
WiFi ID
– Trackpad (MacBook5,2 affected only). The trackpad in the MacBook5,2 isn’t fully supported in High Sierra. While it works and is fully usable, High Sierra detects it as just a standard mouse, preventing you from changing some trackpad-oriented settings.

How to use:

1. Insert your desired USB drive, open Disk Utility, and format it as OS X Extended (Journaled).
step1
2. Open the “macOS High Sierra Patcher” tool, and browse for your copy of the macOS High Sierra Installer App.
step2
*Ensure that the tool successfully verifies the app.
step3
3. Next, select your USB drive in the Target Volume list, and click “Start Operation.”

step4

4. When the operation completes, boot your target unsupported Mac off the USB drive you just created by holding down the Option key while turning on the machine, and selecting the drive.

step5


Note: Only perform steps 5 and 6 if you intend to do a clean install. Otherwise, you can simply skip these steps and install to your volume containg a previous version of OS X, and it’ll do an in-place upgrade.

5. When the installer boots, open Disk Utility from the Utilities menu, or by double-clicking it in the Utilities window on the bottom left corner of the screen.

step6

6. Select the disk or partition you want to install on, and erase it, ensuring to use either Mac OS Extended (Journaled), or APFS as the filesystem type. If formatting an entire drive, ensure GUID is selected.
— Please note that if you use APFS, you will not have a bootable Recovery partition.
— It is recommended that you only use APFS if the target drive is an SSD.
— If you decide to use APFS, a custom booting method will be installed by the post-install tool, as the firmware of these unsupported machines does not natively support booting from APFS volumes. It is not quite as clean as native booting, but will not cause any issues while running High Sierra. A demo of the modified booting process can be viewed here.

step7

7. Install macOS normally onto the desired volume.

step8

8. When the install completes, reboot back onto the installer drive. This time, open the “macOS Post Install” application.

step9

9. In the application, select the Mac model you are using. The optimal patches will be selected for you based on the model you select. You can also select other patches of your choosing.
— The “i” button next to each patch will show more details about the respective patch.

Step 10

10. Select the volume you have just installed macOS High Sierra on, and click “Patch.” When it finishes patching, click “Reboot”. It may sit there for a few moments rebuilding caches before rebooting.
— If for some reason the system fails to work correctly after rebooting, boot back into your installer drive, run the post install patch again, and select “Force Cache Rebuild” before rebooting. This isn’t necessary under most circumstances.

step11

11. When it reboots, it should now boot into a fully working copy of macOS High Sierra.

step12

Additional Info:

– If selected in the macOS Post Install tool, your High Sierra install will have a program named “Patch Updater” located in your /Applications/Utilities folder. This program will alert you when new updates to patches are available for your machine, and will prompt you to install them. If you do not have Patch Updater installed, but would like it, you can download and run the script found here to do so.
Patch Updater
Updates

System updates, such as 10.13.1, should install normally if “Software Update Patch” was selected in the macOS Post Install tool, or installed using the Patch Updater program. If for some reason updates aren’t showing up, or you did not apply the patch, you can install it manually using the script found here.

— If the machine does not start up properly after applying a system update, you will need to boot off your patched installer volume, and re-run the post-install patch on your High Sierra volume. Ensure you select “Force Cache Rebuild” before rebooting.

FAQ:

Q: The tool created the USB drive successfully, but when booting, the progress bar hangs a bit more than half way.
A: Check your copy of the Install macOS High Sierra App. If you’re using the latest version of the tool, you must be using the latest version of the Install macOS High Sierra App. Version 1.1 of the patch tool and older support older versions of the installer app.

Q: The patch tool gives me errors, such as “Error copying files…”.
A: Check to make sure your USB drive is writeable. Try re-formatting it, or just try a different USB drive.

Q: The patch tool gives me a “Mounting Failed” error
A: Check to make sure your Install macOS High Sierra App is the correct one. It should be around 5GB in size. If you used the “Skip App Verification” option, you have most likely selected an invalid app that doesn’t contain the necessary files.

Q: I cannot open my copy of Install macOS High Sierra with the patch tool.
A: If you downloaded the copy linked above, it is distributed inside a DMG file. You must open this file (mount it) to access the Install macOS High Sierra App you need to select.

Q: I don’t see my hard drive partition in the installer screen or in the post-install tool.
A: Make sure FileVault is disabled, or use the instructions found here to unlock it manually using Terminal.

Q: I get a “NO” symbol when starting up after successfully installing High Sierra.
A: Make sure you have run the post-install patch on the correct volume, as detailed above in steps 8-10.

Q: I get a “NO” symbol when starting up from the patched USB drive
A: Check the supported/not supported list at the top of this page. Ensure your machine is in the supported list.

Q: My iSight camera doesn’t work after installing High Sierra
A: Make sure you properly remove (using the program’s uninstaller, not by simply dragging the application to the Trash) all virtual machine software installed on your machine, such as VirtualBox, VMWare, etc.

Q: I get “NSURL” errors when trying to update my machine or use the App Store
A: This is usually the result of having an invalid CatalogURL set. To revert to stock, simply run “sudo softwareupdate –clear-catalog” in Terminal, and then run the software update patch script located above.

Q: Safari, App Store, and/or Mail stopped working after installing a system update
A: Download and run the Onyx application, select “Automation” at the top, then click the Run button.

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RS232/RJ12的接法 INGENICO篇

Cordon de liaison caisse RS232

Compatible : INGENICO EFTSmart, iCT220, iCT250, iWL250, EFT930

RS232/9针对应RJ12/6针 的接法有很多不同的标准  通常只要对应3针接好就可以了  即TX RX GND三针就可以  但是为了找到手头INGENICO  iCT250的对应三针 还是废了很大功夫

然后就可以随便找根废线自己加工了

分享给需要的朋友 如图接法RJ12的1/3/4分别对应RS232的5/3/2

 

 

 

 

 

 

INGENICO旗下的POS的通信应该都可以实现的

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​号称第一个全免费手机套餐BLU from SFR

号称第一个全免费手机套餐 有兴趣的小伙伴们可以玩玩看 

简单介绍一下:

1.网络是法国SFR 支持4G 支持保号转网 接听免费 全球漫游

2.非实名注册 无合约 无具体套餐 只需下载名字为Blu的App 简单注册 即可以收到免费sim卡 

3.银行卡非必须 除非你要实体充值 

4. 获取电话余额方法(App里面称为闪电符)看视频广告30秒/推荐别的用户/下载指定手机App/划屏解锁/推荐指定App 

附注册推荐码B78ZU5HE  注册时可以填入 当然非必须 注册后的小伙伴也可以把你自己的推荐码附在后面

一起玩玩看 感觉闪电符并不容易赚 不过创意十足 如果不嫌累 的确全免费 注册-收卡-赚点 都可以实现免费

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小蚁摄像机在海外使用的办法+建议

首先要判定机器的出厂日期
至于该如何判定呢?其实相当简单,只要利用二维码QR CODE扫瞄软件app,来扫描小蚁智慧网路摄影机背后的QR CODE, 就可以来判定您的小蚁智慧网路摄影机的生产日期,以来确认您的小蚁是否有硬体锁以及能不能更新韧体,例如您扫出来的结果是『12CNLLEN5WDPZU160122』,此时只要看末六码就可以知道这台小蚁摄像机的生产日期为2016年01月22日。
20151001之前:这时间之前所生产的的小蚁智慧网路摄影机并无硬体锁限制,更新到最新版也不会有区域限定的问题产生。
20151001-20160406:在这期间中国版的小蚁智慧网路摄影机有内建硬体锁来限制,如果带到国外使用,更新到最新版本会无法正常使用,不过可以通过固件降级就可以恢复基本功能,但也因为有硬体锁限制日后千万别更新了。
20160406:在这时间点之后中国所生产小蚁智慧网路摄影机有内建硬体锁来限制,而且无法透过降版的动作来恢复基本功能,只能在中国地区使用,如果到国外用会遇到相机无法开启或是区域限制的问题,因为硬体锁判定您的设备不在中国,因此无法运作。
固件降级办法
解決方式相當簡單只要刷回最後一版能與國際連接的中國版韌體即可,不過此時就必須利用手動刷機的方式來切換,只要參考下列的步驟操作即可讓您的小蟻網路攝影機起死回生囉!
1,下載合适的版本(下载链接在底部) ,可與國際連動的大陸版韌體。
2,準備一張 Micro SD 記憶卡並格式化為 FAT32。
3,將剛剛下載的檔案檔名改为『home』,連附檔名都不要,接著拷貝到記憶卡根目錄下。
4,將 Micro SD 記憶卡插入小蟻網路上影機之後再接上電源。
5,等個2-3分鐘左右就開始自動刷機
6,此時指示燈會出現黃燈閃爍,黃燈長亮,再轉為快閃
7,在手机app里輸入 wifi 設定好設備,等藍燈閃,長亮就刷成功了!一次不成功就多尝试几次。
8,最後就千萬別再更新固件,不然又會出現該訊息導致無法使用。
参考链接:
自测可用版本下载 1.8.6.1B_201603181307
不保证支持所有硬件版本 如果不适合您 请参考上面链接自行折腾
目前仅有720p版本可以降级使用 其它1080p 云台等都不可以降级 但仍有方法破解使用 具体请参考我的另一篇文章
建议:
国外用户 直接购买国外版本的小蚁摄像头版本 虽然价格翻倍 但是可以享受永久服务更新 或者购买其它品牌
进阶用户  可以选择Synology+支持ONVIF协议的IP摄像头    
省心稳固 一步到位
Synology的NAS 只用来做监控 可以选低配版
 ONVIF协议的IP摄像头淘宝都很便宜 质量都不错
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法国达能旗下的奶粉盘点——哇靠原来它们是一家人

是不是法国奶粉最厉害呢?哈哈哈。不-要-叫-我-买-爱!美!他!啦!

-_-#

达能有4大主营业务——排名全球第一的鲜乳制品、全球第二的饮料和婴幼儿营养品,还有欧洲第一的医用营养品,货真价实的真“土豪”。旗下的婴幼儿奶粉更是大牌云集,卖遍全球的节奏。你想问爱他美和美乐宝谁更好么?它们可都是同根生呢!

达能旗下的婴幼儿营养品事业部主要是2007年耗资123亿收购的荷兰皇家纽密科集团(Royal Numico),Numico在过去的百余年中,先后收购英国的Cow&Gate(牛栏),德国的Milupa(美乐宝),英国的SHS,新西兰的Karicare(可瑞康),东南亚品牌Dumex……最后带着它们一起到了达能。

1、Nutrilon和它的兄弟们

Nutrilon

中文名:荷兰牛栏/诺优能

主要市场:荷兰、比利时、芬兰、俄罗斯、乌克兰、阿根廷、捷克、印尼

Nutrilon在荷兰是销量排名第一的婴儿奶粉,市场占有率为73.7%。是荷兰本土奶源,其产品特点是蕴含FOS/GOS益生元专利组合,能促进肠道益生菌生长及抑制害菌数量,宝宝喝了不便秘。在过去的很长时间里,一直是父母们代购奶粉的热门之选。目前国内已有电商渠道销售,假冒多多注意哦。

Bebilon

中文名:波兰牛栏/巴比龙(非正式)

主要市场:波兰

Bebilon也是包含专利技术,添加了GOS)和FOS组合与核苷酸,采用的是波兰当地的奶源,是波兰父母的首选奶粉。

Almiron

中文名:西班牙牛栏/阿尔米龙(非正式)

主要市场:西班牙

Almiron在全世界有4个研究中心:荷兰的瓦赫宁根、德国的腓特烈斯多夫、澳大利亚的Oakden和英国的利物浦。条形码以“84”开头,ALmiron阿尔米龙奶粉的奶源也是来自西班牙本土,是牛栏系列中最高端的版本。在西班牙也是一线品牌奶粉,只在药房销售。

2、Dumex、Bebelac和Karicare

Dumex

中文名:多美滋

主要市场:中国、马来西亚、新加坡、泰国、越南

多美滋大家都比较熟悉了,是达能旗下的婴儿奶粉品牌中增长最快的品牌,在亚洲非常受欢迎。

Bebelac

中文名:贝乐嘉

主要市场:土耳其、印度尼西亚、巴西、阿根廷、罗马尼亚、中东、伊朗、非洲、中国

Bebelac也是Nutricia纽迪西亚旗下的品牌,土耳其版的Bebelac是荷兰原产原装进口的,采用的欧盟配方。2009年,多美滋在我国十个省市推出贝乐嘉(Bebelac)系列,主打中端市场。和土耳其的贝乐嘉不同的是,我国的贝乐嘉奶粉有多美滋LOGO,产地在中国,土耳其版本的则只标注了Nutricia的字样。

Karicare

中文名:可瑞康

主要市场:新西兰、澳大利亚

是新西兰排名第一的奶粉,市场占有率约为72%。跟荷兰版牛栏一样,在没进入中国市场以前,一直是代购热门。

3、Aptamil、Milupa

Aptamil

中文名:爱他美

主要市场:德国、英国、澳大利亚、爱尔兰、意大利、拉脱维亚、立陶宛、新西兰、葡萄牙

德国爱他美奶源来自瑞士,英国爱他美的奶源则是爱尔兰牧场。尤值一提的是,德国本土爱他美奶粉分六个阶段、爱他美免敏奶粉有四个阶段。由于它们的奶牛不食用含麸质的谷物,所以爱他美婴幼儿配方奶粉通过德国腹腔疾病防治协会的“无麸质”认证,所有产品外包装上都印有“无麸质”认证标志。

Milupa

中文名:美乐宝

主要市场:英国、加拿大、土耳其、波兰、瑞士、西班牙、意大利、爱尔兰、希腊、德国、比利时、奥地利、匈牙利、斯洛文尼亚、罗马尼亚、拉脱维亚、阿联酋。

德国Milupa(美乐宝)公司创建于1921年,旗下有两个品牌,Aptamil (专门针对Klinik和Apotheke)和Milumil。通常所说的美乐宝指Milumil(美乐美)。

你可能留意到了,虽然Aptamil和Milupa是同一家的,但是从LOGO看来,Aptamil跟前面的Nutrilon兄弟太像了!这是因为上世纪90年代美乐宝曾和荷兰牛栏合作,上面的小熊是它技术的核心LOGO。到2007年,法国达能收购了荷兰牛栏的母公司(Numico),德国美乐宝产品线也被整合,核心技术应用于这个系列的各个品牌之中,所以就都有那只熊了。但从奶源、配方上看,它们依然是不同的奶粉,执行了各自国家对配方奶粉不同法律规定。

4、Cow&Gate

英国Cow&Gate

中文名:英国牛栏

主要市场:英国、中国香港

Cow&Gate品牌源自英国,最早是做奶酪起家。Cow&Gate奶源来自英国本土,Comfort milk是Cow&Gate的特色产品,专门针对0-1岁宝宝胃肠道系统特点进行了配方调整,更利于消化和吸收,减少便秘情况,这是其它品牌中不多见的,但Cow&Gate只推出了一款舒适奶产品,没有形成系列就系先得有点美中不足了。

香港Cow&Gate

港版牛栏是英国牛栏授权在香港开设的牛栏,奶源来自于新西兰,是在马来西亚和印度尼西亚加工生产的。

5、Gallia和Blédina、milumel

Gallia

中文名:法国达能/佳力雅(非官方)

主要市场:法国、非洲

Gallia奶粉由专门从事于婴儿奶粉研究的法国GALLIA实验室研制出品,是法国达能集团的实验室品牌。据说在法国10个宝宝里面就有6个左右的宝宝在喝Gllia奶粉,是法国儿科医生和营养师推荐的首选。Gallia专注于研究婴幼儿奶粉,涉及的辅食几乎没有。完全法国本土生产。(直邮恨你纸盒5555~~~)

Blédina

中文名:贝乐蒂

主要市场:法国、葡萄牙、中东、非洲

Blédina是达能集团的另一支柱品牌,也是法国婴幼儿食品最全面的一个品牌。从奶粉到各类辅食,品种多样,口味丰富,为宝宝的健康成长提供了必须的营养和多样的口味选择,深受法国妈妈的喜爱。也是完全由法国本土生产的。

Milumel

主要市场:法国本土

国内荷兰牛栏是销售最好的,最为大家熟知。其次是英国牛栏和港版牛栏,法国牛栏相对来说略有陌生,但法国牛栏是比波兰牛栏名气大的。法国达能集团于2007年收购了荷兰牛栏。牛栏奶粉在荷兰本土叫Nutrilon,在法国本土的叫Milumel,法国牛栏奶粉专供法国,法国的食品检验用的是欧盟标准,比荷兰要严格。荷兰牛栏是纸盒装的,法国牛栏奶粉是铁罐装的(不太环保,但是直邮最爱呵呵)。法国牛栏与荷兰牛栏不仅在包装上有差别,在成分上也略有差别。法国牛栏Milumel是Nutricia牛栏在法国的高端奶粉品牌,目前无外销。

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Choisir Numericable 推荐和被推荐各送50欧元 换网送100欧元

 

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这么多年的辗转换网络公司 (SFR BBOX ORANGE FREE…) 个人感觉Numericable是目前最简单最稳定的网络公司 其最低合同是24.9欧元 100M的速度  上传下载的速度都不错
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Choisir Numericable

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30天学会HTML和CSS基础入门视频教程

这套视频来自国外著名网站 Tuts+,原名为“30 Days to Learn HTML & CSS”,称可以30天学会HTML和CSS,它以日历的格式排版,就是每天学习一段课程由浅入深带你入门,非常适合初学者!可惜的是,这套教程是英文解说的,不过作者的言语用得比较简单,对有些许英语基础的人难度不大吧。反正只看视频也能理解绝大部分的意思,边学网站,边学英语,一举两得了吧。

同时可以结合这个文本网站同步学习: http://www.w3school.com.cn

下载链接 http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=3360126926&uk=4194810856

 

转自异次元
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摄影笔记完整合订本PDF下载 – 平实易懂的单反相机摄影技术学习入门与技巧提高电子书

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《 摄影笔记》是由摄影爱好者撰写的原创免费摄影入门教程,完全为了分享心得而写,写得很实在,讲的都是作者平日积累下来的摄影经验,文字易懂不做作,初学者用来自学无负担!

书店里当然有着无数的摄影书,不过网上也有热心的爱好者撰写的优秀的摄影入门经验教程电子书,而且还免费,譬如 Sean 同学的这本《摄影笔记》。读了一下,发现其含金量并不比市面上的摄影书籍低,像我一样刚接触的新手学习最适合不过了……

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 转自异次元
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